Due to limitations with cross referenced citations in reStructuredText (e.g., commas and spaces are not supported), citations are cross referenced using a 6 digit notation *.


American Lifelines Alliance. (2001). Seismic Fragility Formulations for Water Systems, Part 1 and 2. Report for the American Lifelines Alliance, ASCE (Ed.) Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers. April 2001.


Awumah, K., Goulter, I., and Bhatt, S.K. (1990). Assessment of reliability in water distribution networks using entropy based measures. Stochastic Hydrology and Hydraulics, 4(4), 309-320.


Barker, K., Ramirez-Marquez, J.E., and Rocco, C.M. (2013). Resilience-based network component importance measures. Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 117, 89-97.


Bieniek, T., van Andel, B., and Bø, T.I. (2019). Bidirectional UTM-WGS84 converter for python, Retrieved on February 5, 2019 from


Crowl, D.A., and Louvar, J.F. (2011). Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, 3 edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 720p.


Eto, J.H., LaCommare, K.H., Larsen, P.H., Todd, A., and Fisher, E. (2012). An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Report Number LBNL-5268E. Berkeley, CA: Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 68p


Jordahl, K., Van den Bossche, J., Fleischmann, M, McBride, J. and others (2021) geopandas, 10.5281/zenodo.5573592


python-visualization/folium. (n.d.). Retrieved on February 5, 2019 from


Gazoni, E. and Clark, C. (2018) openpyxl - A Python library to read/write Excel 2010 xlsx/xlsm files, Retrieved on May 4, 2018 from


Hagberg, A.A., Schult, D.A., and Swart, P.J. (2008). Exploring network structure, dynamics, and function using NetworkX. In Proceedings of the 7th Python in Science Conference (SciPy2008), August 19-24, Pasadena, CA, USA.


Hunter, J.D. (2007). Matplotlib: A 2D graphics environment. Computing in Science and Engineering, 9(3), 90-95.


International Code Council. (2011). 2012 International Fire Code, Appendix B - Fire-Flow Requirements for Buildings. Country Club Hills, IL: International Code Council, ISBN: 978-1-60983-046-5.


Jayaram, N. and Srinivasan, K. (2008). Performance-based optimal design and rehabilitation of water distribution networks using life cycle costing. Water resources research, 44(1).


Joyner, D., Certik, O., Meurer, A., and Granger, B.E. (2012). Open source computer algebra systems, SymPy. ACM Communications in Computer Algebra, 45(4), 225-234.


Lambert, A. (2001). What do we know about pressure-leakage relationships in distribution systems. Proceedings of the IWA Specialised Conference ‘System Approach to Leakage Control and Water Distribution Systems Management’, Brno, Czech Republic, 2001, May 16-18, 89-96.


Liu, H., Walski, T., Fu, G., Zhang, C. (2017). Failure Impact Analysis of Isolation Valves in a Water Distribution Network. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 143(7): 04017019.


McKinney, W. (2013). Python for Data Analysis: Data Wrangling with Pandas, NumPy, and IPython. Sebastopal, CA: O’Reilly Media, 1 edition, 466p.


National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). (2009). Critical Infrastructure Resilience, Final Report and Recommendations, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Washington, D.C., Accessed September 20, 2014.


Ostfeld, A., Kogan, D., and Shamir, U. (2002). Reliability simulation of water distribution systems - single and multiquality. Urban Water, 4(1), 53-61.


Rossman, L.A. (2000). EPANET 2 Users Manual. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technical Report, EPA/600/R–00/057, 200p.


Toblerity/rtree. (n.d.). Retrieved on March 17, 2022 from


Rossman, L., Woo, H., Tryby M., Shang, F., Janke, R., and Haxton, T. (2020) EPANET 2.2 User Manual. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-20/133.


Salomons, E., Ostfeld, A., Kapelan, Z., Zecchin, A., Marchi, A., and Simpson, A. (2012). The battle of the water networks II - Problem description. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Conference 2012, September 24-27, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Retrieved on May 23, 2017 from


Sievert, C., Parmer, C., Hocking, T., Chamberlain, S., Ram, K., Corvellec, M., and Despouy, P. (2016). plotly: Create interactive web graphics via Plotly’s JavaScript graphing library [Software].


Todini, E. (2000). Looped water distribution networks design using a resilience index based heuristic approach. Urban Water, 2(2), 115-122.


United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2014). Systems Measures of Water Distribution System Resilience. Washington DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technical Report, EPA 600/R–14/383, 58p.


United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2015). Water Security Toolkit User Manual. Washington DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technical Report, EPA/600/R-14/338, 187p.


van der Walt, S., Colbert, S.C., and Varoquaux, G. (2011). The NumPy array: A structure for efficient numerical computation. Computing in Science and Engineering, 13, 22-30.


Wagner, J.M., Shamir, U., and Marks, D.H. (1988). Water distribution reliability: Simulation methods. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 114(3), 276-294.


Walski, T., Weiler, J. Culver, T. (2006). Using Criticality Analysis to Identify Impact of Valve Location. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium. Cincinnati, OH, American Society of Civil Engineers: 1-9.


Wald, D.J., Worden, B.C., Quitoriano, V., and Pankow, K.L. (2006). ShakeMap manual: Technical manual, user’s guide, and software guide. United States Geologic Survey, Retrieved on April 25, 2017 from


Walski, T.M., Chase, D.V., Savic, D.A., Grayman, W., Beckwith, S. (2003). Advanced Water Distribution Modeling and Management. HAESTAD Press, Waterbury, CT, 693p.


Cross reference labels begins with 4 letters:

  • If the citation has one author, the first 4 letters of name are used

  • If the citation has two authors, the first 2 letters of author 1 and first 2 letters of author 2 are used

  • If the citation has three authors, the first 2 letters of author 1, first letter of author 2, and first letter of author 3 are used

  • If the citation has four authors, the first letter of each author is used

  • If the citation has more than four authors, the first letter of first four authors is used

  • Exceptions are made for American Lifelines Alliance (ALA) and United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)

The next two digits are the year (century ignored). If the 6 digits match another citation, a lower case letter (a, b, …) is added. Cross reference notation will be updated to a standard format when better options come available.